What does an orthopaedic surgeon do?
Orthopaedic surgeons specialize in surgical and non-surgical procedures of the musculoskeletal system. The bones, ligaments, joints, tendons, muscles, and nerves form the musculoskeletal system. These doctors diagnose, treat, rehabilitate, and prevent diseases and injuries related to the musculoskeletal system like dislocated joints, different types of arthritis, back pain, knee pain, hip mobility restrictions, etc.
With more than 206 bones and upto 360 joints in the human body, some surgeons choose to narrow down this vastness and sub-specialize in treating a specific joint. For example, some orthopaedic surgeons specialize in knee and hip replacements while others specialize in shoulder, wrist and ankle treatments. Choosing sub-specialities helps them in focusing and gaining more experience in that specific joint leading to expert-level precision and more successful outcomes for their patients.
What is joint replacement surgery?
A joint replacement surgery, also known as arthroplasty, is the one in which a damaged joint (shoulder, hip, knee, ankle, wrist, elbow, etc.) is removed surgically and is replaced by an artificial joint (prosthetic) made of high quality, medical grade metal, ceramic, or plastic. The need for a joint replacement surgery arises when the flexibility and mobility of the joint are affected to the extent that a person is unable to perform routine activities like walking, getting up from a sitting position, swimming, climbing stairs, standing, etc. Along with reduced mobility, the person may also have symptoms like severe pain, stiffness, and inflammation in the joint. Usually, such symptoms are seen in people suffering from long-term arthritis or injury to the joint due to accidents. It cannot be emphasized enough that seeking consultation from the best joint replacement surgeon in Surat is essential to get informed advice about your condition.
What are the types of orthopaedic surgery?
The most common types of orthopaedic surgery in India are: