What does an orthopaedic surgeon do?

Orthopaedic surgeons specialize in surgical and non-surgical procedures of the musculoskeletal system. The bones, ligaments, joints, tendons, muscles, and nerves form the musculoskeletal system. These doctors diagnose, treat, rehabilitate, and prevent diseases and injuries related to the musculoskeletal system like dislocated joints, different types of arthritis, back pain, knee pain, hip mobility restrictions, etc. With more than 206 bones and upto 360 joints in the human body, some surgeons choose to narrow down this vastness and sub-specialize in treating a specific joint. For example, some orthopaedic surgeons specialize in knee and hip replacements while others specialize in shoulder, wrist and ankle treatments. Choosing sub-specialities helps them in focusing and gaining more experience in that specific joint leading to expert-level precision and more successful outcomes for their patients.

What is joint replacement surgery?

A joint replacement surgery, also known as arthroplasty, is the one in which a damaged joint (shoulder, hip, knee, ankle, wrist, elbow, etc.) is removed surgically and is replaced by an artificial joint (prosthetic) made of high quality, medical grade metal, ceramic, or plastic. The need for a joint replacement surgery arises when the flexibility and mobility of the joint are affected to the extent that a person is unable to perform routine activities like walking, getting up from a sitting position, swimming, climbing stairs, standing, etc. Along with reduced mobility, the person may also have symptoms like severe pain, stiffness, and inflammation in the joint. Usually, such symptoms are seen in people suffering from long-term arthritis or injury to the joint due to accidents. It cannot be emphasized enough that seeking consultation from the best joint replacement surgeon in Surat is essential to get informed advice about your condition.

What are the types of orthopaedic surgery?

The most common types of orthopaedic surgery in India are:

Knee Replacement Surgery:

The cartilage damage to the knee joints results in restricted movements and severe pain. Depending upon the damage to the joint or the severity of the injury, a total, partial or complex knee joint replacement will be recommended to the patient. It is essential that you seek the best orthopaedic knee replacement surgeon in Surat with several years of experience so that you can get an informed opinion.

Total Knee Replacement (TKR) is a common orthopaedic surgery that involves replacing the articular surfaces (femoral condyles and tibial plateau) of the knee joint with a prosthetic. Total Knee Replacement aims to improve the quality of life of patients suffering from end-stage osteoarthritis by replacing the knee joint with a prosthesis to reduce pain and improve the function of the knee. In Partial Knee Replacement, only the damaged portion of the knee is replaced while keeping the undamaged tissues and ligaments intact. This is also referred to as Unicompartmental knee replacement and is opted when only one side of the knee (usually the inner side) is damaged.

Complex Knee Replacement is performed in case of very severe arthritis or if the patient is undergoing a second or third replacement in the same knee.

Kneecap Replacement is recommended when only the under-surface of the kneecap and its groove are damaged. This kind of replacement is also called patellofemoral replacement.

Hip Replacement Surgery

he ball and socket hip joint is either partially replaced by removing only the damaged parts or is totally replaced with a prosthetic. The partial replacement can be done with the minimally invasive method and needs less recovery time as compared to total replacement. However, deciding which procedure is best suited for you depends on the severity of the damage.

Shoulder Replacement Surgery

his is the traditional method of replacing the ball and socket shoulder joint with a prosthetic. The shoulder replacement surgery has two variants: partial and total. In partial shoulder replacement surgery, only the ball part of the joint is replaced. While the total shoulder replacement surgery involves removing the ball and socket, both, and replacing them with a prosthetic metal ball and a smooth plastic surface that works as a socket. This procedure is sometimes also referred to as shoulder arthroplasty.

Knee Arthroscopy

Knee Arthroscopy involves repairing and replacing the damaged parts of the knee using the minimally invasive method.

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Reconstruction Surgery:

Found more often in athletes or sportsmen, ACL is one of the major ligaments of the knee that provides stability while rotating the knee. ACL reconstruction surgery involves removing the damaged tendon from the knee and replacing (grafting) it with a tendon from another part of the body.

Shoulder Arthroscopy:

In shoulder arthroscopy, the shoulder joint is replaced with a prosthetic ball and socket joint. It is quite similar to knee arthroscopy and the surgery is performed using a minimally invasive method.

Joint fusion:

This type of surgery involves fusing (or joining/welding) the bones of your joint together to make one single bone. This allows you to bear more weight, makes it steadier and reduces pain in the joint. This is done after the damaged cartilage is removed and replaced with a graft from another part of the body. Joint fusion can be opted for fingers, thumbs, ankles, feet and spine.

Spinal surgeries:

Since the spine provides central support to the musculoskeletal system, any kind of spinal surgery are seemingly the last option. However, with minimally invasive methods, performing spine surgeries has become easy and safe. Spinal surgery is required if a person is suffering from severe back pain, numbing and tingling in arms and legs, spinal deformity, spinal injuries, diskectomy, spinal fusion, and any such spine ailments.

Advance Orthopedic Hospital was started in 2017 as a dedicated centre for Orthopedic, Joint Replacement & Arthroscopic Surgeries.

Get In Touch

Toll Naka, metro station, Real Aura -1 complex, Ram Bag Rd, above uco bank, near sabarmati, Sabarmati, Ahmedabad, Gujarat 380005.
24 hours a day, 7 days a week

Opening Hours

Mon - Sat

11:am to 2 pm
06:pm to 8: pm


Emergency Only